Urban Sanitation & Hygiene for Health and Development


Urban Sanitation & Hygiene for Health and Development (USHHD) is SNV's approach to realising inclusive, sustainable and scalable city-wide sanitation services that address the entire sanitation chain; from access to safe disposal or reuse of human waste. Today, SNV's USHHD approach is being implemented in 19 cities across five countries: Bangladesh, Nepal, Indonesia, Tanzania and Zambia.

In the majority of cities and emerging towns in developing countries, wastewater and human waste are dumped untreated in local waterways, on marginal land, or in open drains that are close to people’s homes. People predominantly rely on on-site sanitation facilities and manual emptying, without proper sanitation regulations or services in place – polluting the local environment and posing a huge health risk to communities. Without proper management, the sanitation loop will not be closed and improved sanitation and hygiene will be a distant reality.

With city authorities, we tailor business and financial models that address coverage, services and treatment needs, linking - where possible - to re-use. We work towards realising city-wide coverage, by introducing a mix of management models and options that are appropriate in differing contexts - operationally, financially, and technically - while taking into account the health and safety of consumers and service providers. Our work includes promoting the set-up of sanitation facilities and services, e.g., waste management, through strengthened collaboration between the public and private sectors and communities, and enhanced government regulation and enforcement.


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